The following is a list of example fluid power components and safety considerations. This is not an exhaustive list but can be a good jump start to brainstorm ideas.
Pneumatic Cylinder: This component uses compressed air or gas to generate linear motion. When the air is directed into the cylinder, it pushes a piston, resulting in movement or the activation of other mechanisms in the machine.
- Follow proper guidelines for working with compressed gases, including using appropriate pressure ratings, fittings, and hoses.
- Ensure proper installation and secure connection of pneumatic components to prevent air leaks.
- Use pressure regulators and safety valves to control and limit the pressure in the system, preventing over-pressurization.
- Educate participants about the potential hazards of high-pressure air and the safe handling of pneumatic components.
- Avoid pointing pneumatic cylinders towards participants or sensitive areas, ensuring they are securely mounted or enclosed.
Hydraulic System: This component utilizes a liquid, typically oil or a hydraulic fluid, to transmit power and create controlled motion. It typically includes a pump, valves, and actuators (such as hydraulic cylinders or motors) interconnected by fluid-filled pipes or hoses.
- Use the appropriate hydraulic fluid and ensure the system is properly sealed to prevent leaks.
- Regularly inspect the hydraulic system for signs of damage, wear, or leaks.
- Ensure proper sizing and strength of hydraulic components to handle the expected loads and pressures.
- Keep participants and sensitive materials away from hydraulic systems under high pressure or heavy loads.
Fluid Valve: This component controls the flow of fluid in the machine. It can be manually operated or controlled by other mechanisms, such as electrical solenoids or pneumatic actuators.
- Follow proper guidelines for selecting and installing fluid valves suitable for the intended fluid and pressure levels.
- Ensure valves are properly sealed and connected to prevent fluid leaks.
- Provide clear instructions on how to operate valves safely and avoid sudden or unintended fluid discharges.
- Educate participants about the potential hazards associated with fluid power, such as high-pressure fluid jets or sudden movements, and how to mitigate risks.