The following is a list of example fluid power components and safety considerations. This is not an exhaustive list but can be a good jump start to brainstorm ideas.  

Pneumatic Cylinder: This component uses compressed air or gas to generate linear motion. When the air is directed into the cylinder, it pushes a piston, resulting in movement or the activation of other mechanisms in the machine. 

Safety Precautions:  

  1. Follow proper guidelines for working with compressed gases, including using appropriate pressure ratings, fittings, and hoses.  
  1. Ensure proper installation and secure connection of pneumatic components to prevent air leaks.  
  1. Use pressure regulators and safety valves to control and limit the pressure in the system, preventing over-pressurization.  
  1. Educate participants about the potential hazards of high-pressure air and the safe handling of pneumatic components.  
  1. Avoid pointing pneumatic cylinders towards participants or sensitive areas, ensuring they are securely mounted or enclosed.  

Hydraulic System: This component utilizes a liquid, typically oil or a hydraulic fluid, to transmit power and create controlled motion. It typically includes a pump, valves, and actuators (such as hydraulic cylinders or motors) interconnected by fluid-filled pipes or hoses.  

Safety Precautions:  

  1. Use the appropriate hydraulic fluid and ensure the system is properly sealed to prevent leaks.  
  1. Regularly inspect the hydraulic system for signs of damage, wear, or leaks.  
  1. Ensure proper sizing and strength of hydraulic components to handle the expected loads and pressures.  
  1. Keep participants and sensitive materials away from hydraulic systems under high pressure or heavy loads.  

Fluid Valve: This component controls the flow of fluid in the machine. It can be manually operated or controlled by other mechanisms, such as electrical solenoids or pneumatic actuators.  

Safety Precautions:  

  1. Follow proper guidelines for selecting and installing fluid valves suitable for the intended fluid and pressure levels.  
  1. Ensure valves are properly sealed and connected to prevent fluid leaks.  
  1. Provide clear instructions on how to operate valves safely and avoid sudden or unintended fluid discharges.  
  1. Educate participants about the potential hazards associated with fluid power, such as high-pressure fluid jets or sudden movements, and how to mitigate risks.